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聰,親愛的孩子,很少這麼久不給你寫信的。從七月初起你忽而維也納,忽而南美,行蹤飄忽,恐去信落空。彌拉又說南美各處郵政很不可靠,故雖給了我許多通訊處,也不想寄往那兒。七月二十九用七張風景片寫成的信已于八月九日收到。委內瑞拉的城街,智利的河山,前年曾在外國雜志上見過彩色照相,來信所雲,頗能想像一二。現代國家的發展太畸形了,尤其像南美那些落後的國家。一方面人民生活窮困,一方面物質的設備享用應有盡有。照我們的理想,當然先得消滅不平等,再來逐步提高。無奈現代史實告訴我們,革命比建設容易,消滅少數人所壟斷的享受並不大難,提高多數人的生活卻非三五年八九年所能見效。尤其是精神文明,總是普及易,提高難;而在普及的階段中往往降低原有的水準,連保持過去的高峰都難以辦到。再加老年,中年,青年三代脫節,缺乏接班人,國內外溝通交流幾乎停止,恐怕下一輩連什麼叫標準,前人達到過怎樣的高峰,眼前別人又到了怎樣的高峰,都不大能知道;再要迎頭趕上也就更談不到了。這是前途的隱憂;過去十一二年中所造成的偏差與副作用,最近一年正想竭力扭轉;可是十年種的果,已有積重難返之勢;而中老年知識分子的意氣消沉的情形,尚無改變跡象,當然不是從他們口頭上,而是從實際行動上觀察。人究竟是唯物的,沒有相當的客觀條件,單單指望知識界憑熱情苦干,而且干出成績來,也是不現實的。我所以能堅守陣地,耕種自己的小園子,也有我特殊優越的條件,不能責望于每個人。何況就以我來說,體力精力的衰退,已經給了我很大的限制,老是感到心有余而力不足! 日本黄大片免费播放器 一九六三年七月二十二日(譯自法文)人人天天夜夜日日狠狠 親愛的孩子,八月二十四日接十八日信,高興萬分。你最近的學習心得引起我許多感想。杰老師的話真是至理名言,我深有同感。會學的人舉一反三,稍經點撥,即能躍進。不會學的不用說聞一以知十,連聞一以知一都不容易辦到,甚至還要纏夾,誤入歧途,臨了反抱怨老師指引錯了。所謂會學,條件很多,除了悟性高以外,還要足夠的人生經驗。……現代青年頭腦太單純,說他純潔固然不錯,無奈遇到現實,純潔沒法作為斗爭的武器,倒反因天真幼稚而多走不必要的彎路。玩世不恭,cynical[憤世嫉俗]的態度當然為我們所排斥,但不懂得什麼叫做cynical[憤世嫉俗]也反映人世太淺,眼楮只會朝一個方向看。周總理最近批評我們的教育,使青年只看見現實世界中沒有的理想人物,將來到社會上去一定感到失望與苦悶。胸襟眼界狹小的人,即使老輩告訴他許多舊社會的風俗人情,也幾乎會駭而卻走。他們既不懂得人是從歷史上發展出來的,經過幾千年上萬年的演變過程才有今日的所謂文明人,所謂社會主義制度下的人,一切也就免不了管中窺豹之弊。這種人倘使學文學藝術,要求體會比較復雜的感情,光暗交錯,善惡並列的現實人生,就難之又難了。要他們從理論到實踐,從抽象到具體,樣樣結合起來,也極不容易。但若不能在理論→實踐,實踐→理論,具體→抽象,抽象→具體中不斷來回,任何學問都難以入門。 親愛的孩子︰聰上次的巡回演奏使他在音樂事業中向前邁了一大步,你一定跟我們一樣高興。並非每一個音樂家,甚至杰出的音樂家,都能進入這樣一個理想的精神境界,這樣渾然忘我,感到與現實世界既遙遠又接近。這不僅要靠高尚的品格,對藝術的熱愛,對人類的無限同情,也有賴于藝術家的個性與氣質,這種“心靈的境界”絕不神秘,再沒有什麼比西方的神秘主義與中國的心理狀態更格格不入了(我說中國是指中國的優秀分子)。這無非是一種啟蒙人文思想的升華,我很高興聰在道德演變的過程中從未停止進步。人在某一段時間內滯留不進,就表示活力已經耗盡,而假如人自溺于此,那麼他的藝術生命也就日暮途窮了。近亲乱中文字幕

Today, Unilever announced its results for the first half of 2019, which show underlying sales growth of 3.3%, led by our emerging market business which grew 6.2%.

  • Underlying sales grew 3.3% with volume 1.2% and price 2.1%
  • Emerging markets underlying sales growth 6.2% with volume 2.5% and price 3.6%
  • Turnover decreased 0.9% driven by the sale of our spreads business, partially offset by a 1.1% currency benefit
  • Underlying operating margin increased 50bps with 30bps from gross margin
  • Operating margin increased by 40bps
  • Underlying earnings per share increased 5.0%, with constant EPS up 3.0%

Commenting on the results, CEO Alan Jope says: “We have delivered consistent growth within our guided range for 2019, led by our emerging markets. Accelerating growth remains our top priority and we continue to evolve our portfolio and seek out fast growth channel and geographical opportunities, as well as address those performance hotspots where growth is falling short of our aspirations.

“For the full year, we continue to expect underlying sales growth to be in the lower half of our multi-year 3-5% range, an improvement in underlying operating margin that keeps us on track for the 2020 target and another year of strong free cash flow. Our sustainable business model and portfolio of purpose-led brands are key to delivering superior long-term financial performance.”

Our markets

Growth in our markets was mixed. Market growth in Europe and North America was held back by the impact of weather on ice cream sales. In the emerging markets we continued to see good momentum particularly in China and South East Asia. India saw strong market growth, though it moderated, as expected. Argentina remains hyperinflationary and high levels of pricing continue to weigh on consumer demand.

Unilever overall performance

Underlying sales grew 3.3% with 1.2% from volume and 2.1% from price. Emerging markets grew 6.2%, led by Asia/AMET/RUB, which saw broad-based geographic growth, whilst developed markets were weaker.

In the second quarter, we estimate the 2018 truckers’ strike in Brazil increased USG by 100bps. Second quarter growth was suppressed by around 50bps due to weak ice cream performance; a result of poorer weather, particularly in Europe following two years of very strong summers. 80bps of Argentina price growth in the quarter was excluded from USG due to hyperinflationary status.

Turnover in the first half decreased 0.9% driven by the sale of the spreads business, partially offset by a currency benefit of 1.1%.

Underlying operating margin improved by 50bps. Gross margin was up 30bps, helped by efficiencies from our 5S programme. Overheads had an adverse impact on underlying operating margin of 10bps. Our change programmes have helped to address stranded costs following the disposal of spreads and we continue to invest in the ongoing digital transformation of our business. Brand and marketing investment decreased compared to the prior year, as we continued to deliver zero-based budgeting savings ahead of target, with an increased focus on digital spend. More than two thirds of savings have been reinvested, largely behind innovations and new brand launches.

Beauty & Personal Care

Underlying sales in our Beauty & Personal Care division grew 3.3%.

Deodorants performed well, supported by our Rexona Clinical and Dove Zero aluminium ranges, alongside the extension of Love, Beauty & Planet. New formats continued to drive sales in skin cleansing, including the incremental launch of Dove bath bombs as well as Dove foaming handwash. Good performance in skin care was supported by on-trend innovations including Pond’s InstaBright Glow cream. Hair care saw only modest growth for the first half, with a challenging second quarter particularly in the US. Oral care returned to growth in the second quarter, helped by innovations such as Closeup natural whitening toothpaste and Signal White Now. Our prestige brands, including Dermalogica, Hourglass and REN, saw double digit growth overall, and we announced the acquisitions of Garancia and Tatcha, which are not yet included in USG.

Underlying operating margin in Beauty & Personal Care increased by 100bps, driven by efficiency programmes in brand and marketing investment.

Home Care

Underlying sales in our Home Care division grew 7.4%.

Fabric solutions performed strongly, benefiting from premiumisation and the execution of our strategy to move consumers into products with additional consumer benefits, including Omo Perfect Wash in Brazil. China saw good performance from the relaunch of Omo while in India Surf excel continued to grow double digit. Seventh Generation continues to be rolled out in Europe and North Asia, building on the naturals trend. Home and hygiene grew well, supported by double digit growth from Sunlight, and we launched innovations such as the Cif Cleaner Choices range with natural cleaning ingredients. In Indonesia we used our Home Care brands to run the mosque cleaning programme during Ramadan, an example of purpose-led growth. Good growth in fabric sensations was supported by the launch of a redesigned Comfort core range, focusing on clothes care, as well as a natural variants range. The life essentials category was flat.

Underlying operating margin in Home Care increased by 120bps, with improvements in gross margin, as well as efficiencies in brand and marketing investment and overheads.

Foods & Refreshment

Underlying sales in our Food & Refreshment division grew 1.3%.

In tea, sales declined with volumes impacted by weak consumer demand in developed markets. This was partially offset by black tea in emerging markets and our fruit, herbal and green tea ranges, including Pukka’s premium herbal offering. Sales in dressings were flat with volumes slightly down as competitive intensity remained high. Despite poorer weather in the second quarter compared to the previous two years, ice cream grew slightly over the half. We saw good ice cream performance in Asia/AMET/RUB and from innovations such as Magnum White Chocolate and Cookies. Savoury performance was helped by the launch of new snack pot variants meeting the trend towards convenience. The introduction of Hellmann’s Burger and Spicy Dipping sauces continue to broaden the brand beyond core mayonnaise, and Sir Kensington’s performed well.

Underlying operating margin in Foods & Refreshment decreased by 40bps, as a result of an adverse impact on overheads related to the disposal of our spreads business.

Unilever PLC

Unilever House
100 Victoria Embankment
London EC4Y 0DY
United Kingdom


Press-Office.London@Unilever.com

Unilever NV

Weena 455
3013AL Rotterdam

www.unilever.nl

+31 (0) 10 217 4000
mediarelations.rotterdam@Unilever.com

Safe Harbour

Where relevant, these actions are subject to the appropriate consultations and approvals.

This announcement may contain forward-looking statements, including 'forward-looking statements' within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as 'will', 'aim', 'expects', 'anticipates', 'intends', 'looks', 'believes', 'vision', or the negative of these terms and other similar expressions of future performance or results, and their negatives, are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon current expectations and assumptions regarding anticipated developments and other factors affecting the Unilever Group (the 'Group'). They are not historical facts, nor are they guarantees of future performance.

Because these forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, there are important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Among other risks and uncertainties, the material or principal factors which could cause actual results to differ materially are: Unilever's global brands not meeting consumer preferences; Unilever's ability to innovate and remain competitive; Unilever's investment choices in its portfolio management; inability to find sustainable solutions to support long-term growth; the effect of climate change on Unilever's business; customer relationships; the recruitment and retention of talented employees; disruptions in our supply chain; the cost of raw materials and commodities; the production of safe and high quality products; secure and reliable IT infrastructure; successful execution of acquisitions, divestitures and business transformation projects; economic and political risks and natural disasters; financial risks; failure to meet high and ethical standards; and managing regulatory, tax and legal matters. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this announcement. Except as required by any applicable law or regulation, the Group expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in the Group's expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. Further details of potential risks and uncertainties affecting the Group are described in the Group's filings with the London Stock Exchange, Euronext Amsterdam and the US Securities and Exchange Commission, including in the Annual Report on Form 20-F 2018 and the Unilever Annual Report and Accounts 2018.

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